50-kilowatt controller of a typical electric car
How fast will
an EV conversion go?
an EV will have a top speed of 60-80 mph. A 96-volt conversion of a small
car such as a Rabbit will have a top speed of around 65 mph. A 120-volt
conversion of a sporty car like the Porsche 914 will have a top speed around
85 mph. A dedicated, purpose-built race car will top 100 mph, and some
land speed record EVs have topped 200 mph.
How far will
an EV go?
EV conversions have about a range of 50 miles using lead-acid batteries,
and the new production EVs using NiMH or Li-ion batteries can go up to
180 miles. EVs do less if the air conditioning is run continuously
How long does
an EV take to recharge?
time on 120VAC 20 amp outlet (an ordinary household outlet) is usually
10-12 hours (over night). A 96-volt car charging on a 110-volt outlet will
take 10-12 hours if it has been completely discharged.
How many batteries
does an EV have?
A roadworthy, freeway-capable conversion will typically use between
16 and 24 batteries. These are 6-volt batteries that are specially designed
to power electric vehicles, and they are wired together in series to produce
between 96 and 144 volts
How long does
EV batteries last?
lead acid batteries used in EV conversions will last about three years
before needing replacement. An entire pack typically costs $1,000-$1,200.
What about pollution
from generating the electricity?
An electric car is 35% - 97% cleaner than a comparable gas car, including
the pollution generated by the electric power plant. The 35% number applies
to states using a lot of "dirty" power, such as coal-fired plants. The
97% number applies to states like California that use a lot of "clean"
power, including hydro, nuclear, wind, and solar. The Union
of Concerned Scientists have presented data on this to CARB.
Is there pollution
from the spent batteries?
acid batteries are the most recycled product in this country. Ninety-five
percent of all used lead acid batteries are recycled. Ninety-nine percent
of the material in each battery can be recycled, or rendered harmless.
The process of recycling lead is much cleaner than mining new lead, and
the end product is cheaper.
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