EV, Electric Vehicle: a car, truck or van that can use grid electricity to recharge the vehicle



The 50-kilowatt controller of a typical electric car

How fast will an EV conversion go?

Typically, an EV will have a top speed of 60-80 mph. A 96-volt conversion of a small car such as a Rabbit will have a top speed of around 65 mph. A 120-volt conversion of a sporty car like the Porsche 914 will have a top speed around 85 mph. A dedicated, purpose-built race car will top 100 mph, and some land speed record EVs have topped 200 mph.

How far will an EV go?

Most EV conversions have about a range of 50 miles using lead-acid batteries, and the new production EVs using NiMH or Li-ion batteries can go up to 180 miles. EVs do less if the air conditioning is run continuously

How long does an EV take to recharge?

Charging time on 120VAC 20 amp outlet (an ordinary household outlet) is usually 10-12 hours (over night). A 96-volt car charging on a 110-volt outlet will take 10-12 hours if it has been completely discharged.

How many batteries does an EV have?

A roadworthy, freeway-capable conversion will typically use between 16 and 24 batteries. These are 6-volt batteries that are specially designed to power electric vehicles, and they are wired together in series to produce between 96 and 144 volts 

How long does EV batteries last?

The lead acid batteries used in EV conversions will last about three years before needing replacement. An entire pack typically costs $1,000-$1,200. 

What about pollution from generating the electricity?

An electric car is 35% - 97% cleaner than a comparable gas car, including the pollution generated by the electric power plant. The 35% number applies to states using a lot of "dirty" power, such as coal-fired plants. The 97% number applies to states like California that use a lot of "clean" power, including hydro, nuclear, wind, and solar. The Union of Concerned Scientists have presented data on this to CARB.

Is there pollution from the spent batteries?

Lead acid batteries are the most recycled product in this country. Ninety-five percent of all used lead acid batteries are recycled. Ninety-nine percent of the material in each battery can be recycled, or rendered harmless. The process of recycling lead is much cleaner than mining new lead, and the end product is cheaper. 



Solar Cars
Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Electric Vehicle
Alternative Cars Homepage