Euphrates River HistoryThe Euphrates River is one of the most important rivers in the world. Along with the Tigris, it provided much of the water that supported the development of ancient Mesopotamian culture. The Tigris Euphrates valley was the birthplace of the ancient civilizations of Assyria, Babylonian, and Sumer. In northern Iraq the Euphrates forms the western boundary of the area known as Al Jazirah. To the southeast the alluvial lands between the two rivers was the site of the glorious Babylonian civilizations of ancient times. The Euphrates is important solely for its water supply. The river is the source of political tension, as Turkey, Syria and Iraq all compete for the use of its waters for irrigation and the generation of hydroelectric power. For centuries the river formed the east limit of Roman control. During the supremacy of the Eastern Roman Empire, numerous towns and centers of art and literature flourished along its bank. Much historical data has been yielded by archaeological excavations on the banks of the Tigris and the Euphrates.
Arabic: Al Furat Turkish: Furat
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