The First Spinning Machine
The Spinning Jenny

It has been said that in 1763 a hand spinning wheel was accidentally knocked over one day.  The spinning wheel continued to revolve and inspired James Hargreaves to try and build a spinning machine.  He called it the Spinning Jenny named after his wife.  The machine was constructed mainly of wood and had eight spindles.  It was driven by hand and worked in the same way as a spinning wheel, that is discontinuously with spinning and winding in two separate phases.  The process of stretching and twisting of cotton into yarn occurred in eight places simultaneously.  Spinning Jennies were later built with 18 to 120 spindles; in this way, yarn production of the spinner was increased several times over.

The Spinning Jenny was the machine used domestically for producing soft twist yarns for weft.
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